Kyphoplasty is a surgical modality used to treat pain caused by vertebral fractures and reduce the "hunching" caused by some fractures. The procedure involves using a small balloon in the vertebral body to create a hollow area. This pocket is then filled with bone cement. Surgeons typically use intraoperative imaging, such as x-rays, to help guide the cement into the target bone. Many patients will actually regain some lost height as well as enjoy pain relief after this relatively simple procedure.